The latest research indicates that the Sudan-Sahel region and the coastal areas of Cameroon are extremely vulnerable to the effects of climate change, and this negatively impacts sectors such as agriculture, livestock farming and water supply. These sectors provide most of the employment and income in rural areas, where more than 70% of Cameroonians live. Forecasts predict harsh climate conditions on the horizon for 2030, 2060 and 2090, with rural women and girls heavily impacted. Affected populations will need robust, precise, accurate and current climate information to increase their resilience to climatic shifts and strengthen their ability to protect their livelihoods.
The mission of the National Observatory on Climate Change (ONACC) in Cameroon is to monitor and assess the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of climate change and to propose measures for preventing, mitigating and/or adapting to the risks and adverse effects of these changes. Its mission has two (2) key components components, originating in Program 361 “Lutte Contre la Désertification et les Changements Climatiques” run by the Ministère de l’Environnement de la Protection de la Nature et du Développement Durable (MINEPDED) of Cameroon. These two components are:
- Tracking the climate and assessing impacts
- Developing a greenhouse gas inventory and monitoring the national implementation of the nationally determined contribution (see onacc.cm).
Although several important initiatives have been completed since ONACC establishment in 2007, the organization does not have all the technical skills required to produce robust and accurate climate services and reach end users in rural areas.